In a new report, think tank Bright Blue has called for the government to use the UK tax system to help combat the problem of air pollution.
Bright Blue has outlined a number of recommendations for the government to consider implementing, including lifting the freeze on the value of Fuel Duty, and applying a surcharge on Fuel Duty for diesel vehicles.
The think tank also advocates introducing an 'ongoing surcharge' for Vehicle Excise Duty (VED) on new diesel cars, and exempting the purchase of ultra-low emission vehicles (ULEVs) from VAT.
'Stronger evidence has emerged in recent years about the detrimental impact of air pollution to human health, the economy and the environment,' said William Nicolle, Researcher at Bright Blue.
'The UK's departure from the EU means that there is an opportunity to raise air pollution standards in the UK.
'The UK government needs new, ambitious legal limits, legal responsibilities and policies on air pollution. This country should aspire to be a global leader on yet another environmental issue, and strive to become the country with the cleanest air in urban areas in the developed world.'